July is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar. In Turkish it is called "Ramadan". In Arabic, the name of the month sounds somewhat different - "Ramadan". This is the most important and honorable time. Strict fasting must be observed throughout the month.
Uraza, or fasting, is observed throughout the month from dawn to dusk. You can not take food, water and lead an intimate life. As soon as it gets dark, you can eat some food and drink some water.
Holy Qur'an 2: 183 says that fasting is a mandatory prescription for the living and those who came before them. This helps to build faith and become God-fearing. Complete abstinence from food, water and intimate relationships during daylight hours is not an end in itself. Abstinence is all about building faith, rethinking lifestyles, growing spiritually, and setting priorities. The commitment to distance yourself from all that is forbidden helps define true values.
Sexually mature Muslims are exempt from fasting if they suffer from chronic diseases. In addition, infirm and elderly people can be disregarded. But then the Muslim is obliged for each day of the fast that he could not observe, feed the indigent or give to a needy wanderer. The amount spent should not be less than what the believer spends on food every day.
If the month of Ramadan catches a believer on the way or there are other circumstances in which it is impossible to fulfill the prescriptions of the Quran, you can refuse to fast. But all the missed days will have to be replenished next month.
The second most important Muslim holiday comes immediately after the end of the month of Ramadan. Eid ul-fitr or Ramadan is called Shawwal.
Collective prayer in the mosque takes place on the first day of the month of Shaval, after which everyone goes to a festive meal. During the feast, it is customary to treat all relatives, friends, neighbors, acquaintances and strangers, regardless of religion. Alms, or Saadak, is generously distributed to all those in need. On holidays, Muslims visit the graves of their relatives.