Zoya Zelinskaya is a famous Soviet actress who devoted about six decades to the theater. On stage, she played more than seventy roles. Both on television and in cinema, the performer's career has developed successfully.
The talented actress was born in 1929, on December 8 in Moscow.
It's time for childhood and adolescence
The father of the future celebrity, Nikolai Yushchuk, was in charge of the capital's transport, worked in the Moscow City Council. After the arrest of one of the relatives, the head of the family went to the Kolyma. Zoya had to work in gold mines.
They returned to the capital after the war. While studying in the ninth grade, the schoolgirl began work in the House of Models. The external data of the girl fully met all the selection criteria.
After graduating from school with honors, the graduate decided to become a fashion model. But at the same time, she managed to enter GITIS in the stage skills class.
The student received her diploma in 1954. Almost immediately, the aspiring actress began to work in the capital's theater of satire. She stayed in it all her life.
The first work of the aspiring performer was the role of a princess in the production of the play "Shadow" by the famous director Yevgeny Schwartz.
Vocation and recognition
The premiere was a huge success. Tickets, according to recollections, were sold out instantly, and whole families came to watch the performance.
The directors used innovative techniques. Various mechanisms were involved on the stage, the costumes were worked out in detail, the lighting was thought out to the smallest detail. As a result, a unique atmosphere was created that was new to the Moscow audience.
After a successful debut, the aspiring actress immediately gained popularity. Very soon Zelinskaya began to participate in a whole gallery of popular performances. Her characters were distinguished by refined lyricism.
One of the most notable works was the image of Ellie in The House Where Hearts Break, based on the play by Bernard Shaw. This work is considered one of the most difficult in the world of drama. This was followed by Rozalia Pavlovna from "The Bedbug" according to Mayakovsky.
Zoya Zelinskaya became an all-Union famous theater actress. She was Liza Istratova in the "Women's Monastery", Madame Mesalliance from "Bath", Maria Tokarchuk in "Intervention" and Markby in "The Ideal Husband", the mother in the "Zatyukanny Apostle".
Since 1956, the artist began acting in films. The cult picture "Carnival Night" became the debut work. True, the role in the new field at first Zelinskaya got very small.
The next step was the comedy When the Sea Laughs. The tape was followed by "Little Comedies of the Big House", "Men and Women".
After these tapes, the artist returned to the theatrical stage again, taking a break from her film career. She played small roles in the nineties.
The performer took part in "Risk without a Contract", "Death Line", "Bee" and "Predicting Death". Later, Zelinskaya was offered a game in television series.
She starred in Detective Dubrovsky's Dossier, At the Corner of the Patriarch's, and The Directory of Death. All film and television projects with the participation of Zoya Nikolaevna enjoyed constant success in the two thousandth.
She played in "Provincials", "Detective without a license", a cycle about Evlampy Romanova. Recently, the actress has participated in the TV projects "Vorotily" and "Market of Invisibility".
Zoya Nikolaevna owes her special popularity to the program "Zucchini" Thirteen Chairs ". In this comedy TV program, the performer participated in the image of Mrs. Teresa.
The stage director and director of the project was Georgy Zelinsky, the former first husband of the performer. The actress herself later admitted that the program played both positive and negative roles in her career.
In those days, other artists could only dream of such popularity. Zoya Nikolaevna was recognized on the streets of all cities. Many fans constantly crowded near the Moscow studio in which the program was filmed.
But there was also another side. The project took an incredible amount of time from the performer. For the sake of the prosperity of "Kabachka" Zoya Nikolaevna was forced to sacrifice promising roles in cinema and theater.
To the directors, the participation of the performer in the filming seemed like a betrayal of real art. They believed that the artist would never be able to play serious roles.
True, in practice it turned out that not every eminent artist can show his talent in such a TV program. So, after the introduction of Andrei Mironov into the composition of the performers, the studio was literally bombarded with a whole mountain of letters from angry viewers.
They demanded to remove the actor from the project. Both Olga Sukharevskaya and Olga Vikland, invited celebrities of that time, failed to show themselves in the short miniatures that make up the project.
Zoya Nikolaevna has been married twice. Her first choice was a director who staged the popular "Zucchini 13 Chairs" on national television. Honored Worker of Culture of Poland Georgy Zelinsky lived with his wife for ten years.
The actress decided to tie herself with new ties after the divorce. She married Valentin Lednev, a journalist. The newlyweds had a child, a son, Sergei.
Subsequently, the boy chose a profession that was not associated with either theater or cinema. Sergei Valentinovich already has his own family, he has a son Andrei, the beloved grandson of Zoya Nikolaevna.
Zelinskaya was awarded the title of Honored Artist of the Soviet Union. She later became the People's Artist of Russia. The performer stopped acting in films. She devotes all her strength to teaching theatrical youth. The actress continues to be creative.
Zoya Nikolaevna participates in the scoring of films. Zelinskaya lives in Moscow and devotes almost all her free time to raising her grandson.
The artist is sure that there is no need for her to fear old age, since she retained a considerable interest in life.