If we talk about the comfort and safety on the road while traveling, then the railway transport, perhaps, will be in priority over other types. It is suitable for passenger and freight transport.
For industrial purposes and the convenience of people
The history of the origin of railway transport dates back to the time when people had a need to transport goods. In the 16th century, a railway line appeared. True, then it was made of wood, but for its time it was a breakthrough, because from now on it became easier to transport goods by land. Previously, this was only possible on water. It is interesting that at a time when there was no steam locomotive yet, the railway transport functioned on horse-drawn vehicles.
Cast iron rails replaced the wooden ones. They were first used for industrial purposes in England. At first, the track was wide. In Russia, in the 18th century, the first narrow-gauge railway with a length of 160 meters appeared. At this time, there are already thoughts that railway transport can connect remote regions of the country with the economic center. For Russia, with its limitless territories, this was extremely important.
In general, in Russia, the active use of narrow-gauge railways for transporting goods and delivering passengers continued until the end of the 19th century. Then, with the collapse of tsarist Russia, the construction of railways in the country practically came to naught, the revival of this type of transport happened after the war. In Russia, a full-fledged narrow-gauge road appeared in 1861 on the section of the Livny-Verkhovye station in the Oryol region. It was the beginning for the construction of narrow gauge roads throughout the country. However, by the beginning of the 20th century, the laying of normal gauge railways already belongs.
Gained fame in the field of the development of railways
It should be said that at this time there is an active development of the railway transport network in the countries of Western Europe, as well as in America. Also connected with this is the appearance of the first underground in London in 1860. The "railroad fever" has begun in the world.
In the history of world railway transport, such engineers are known as the Scotsman James Watt, who worked on improving the steam engine, George Stephenson, who worked in England to create a steam locomotive. It was his model that became the prototype of the modern steam locomotive. Stephenson's plant produced the first steam-powered locomotives "Earth Globe" and "Planet". In Russia, the names of the brothers Efim and Miron Cherepanov, who were the designers of the first Russian steam locomotive, are known.
Gottlieb Daimler was the first to design an internal combustion engine. This invention gained popularity and was later used in the work of the German city tram.