In the last decade, social and economic problems that have arisen after the country's transition to the capitalist path of development have become aggravated in Russia. Representatives of political parties and various branches of government from time to time speak out about problems that require urgent solutions, but most often they limit themselves to just stating facts and setting priorities.
Problems of politics and economics in Russia
Maintaining internal stability in the state remains one of the most pressing problems of Russian society. It is about preventing political crises and ensuring the forward movement in the area of expanding democratic transformations. The country's political system is far from perfect and does not fully guarantee the population of all those rights and freedoms that are enshrined in legislation.
The imperfection of the political system in recent years has become one of the reasons for the active protests of the opposition.
The country's economy continues to lame. State leaders have repeatedly pointed out in their speeches that Russia needs to stop focusing on the benefits obtained from the sale of raw materials abroad and look for new development reserves.
In the Budget Address to the Government, promulgated on June 13, 2013, the President of the Russian Federation V. V. Putin stressed that the country's most important task is to move away from dependence on raw materials. A possible solution to this problem could be the orientation of the economy towards the restoration of partially destroyed mechanical engineering, the introduction of innovations and modern science-intensive technologies.
The problem of poverty among broad strata of the population remains an acute problem, which experts put on one of the first positions in terms of importance. Over the past decade, income growth in the country has lagged significantly behind inflation. There remains a significant gap between the poorest and wealthiest citizens of the country. The political columnist for Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Valery Vyzhutovich, in the article “The Vice of Poverty” published on September 9, 2011, cites official statistics, according to which about 13% of the Russian population lives below the poverty line.
Another problem, the existence of which no serious researcher will undertake to deny, is the increase in the level of alcoholism among the population of Russia. The abuse of alcoholic beverages inevitably leads to a general degradation of the people and an increase in mortality.
Alcoholization is often the result of unresolved social problems, loss of life guidelines and growing unemployment.
The facts show that the population of Russia is slowly but steadily declining. Since the start of the processes that were supposed to return Russia to the path of civilized development, the mortality curve among Russians began to go up, and the birth rate fell. Even according to the optimistic forecasts of Rosstat, published on June 7, 2013, by 2031 the country's population will decline from the current 143 million to 141 million people.
These are only the most acute and most urgent problems of modern Russia today. They can only be solved in a complex manner. And much here depends not only on the goodwill of the authorities, which is very difficult to count on, but also on the active and purposeful activity of public associations and individual citizens who care about the fate of Russia.