For many centuries, the coat of arms has been a distinctive symbol of a clan, city, country. The images of the coat of arms were carefully thought out, since it was supposed to indicate the main qualities and values of one kind or another. Every city has its own distinctive sign that adorns the flag and official documents. And Saratov is no exception.
The current coat of arms of the city of Saratov was officially adopted and approved by the relevant law of the Saratov region on the coat of arms and flag on September 5, 1996 by the decision of the Saratov Regional Duma. Chapter two of this law contains the necessary information about the description, purpose and possible use of the coat of arms. So it is an azure shield with three silver sterlets depicted on it, which converge into a fork-shaped cross. The shield was surrounded by a frame of golden oak leaves intertwined with a blue Andreevskaya ribbon.
The modern coat of arms of Saratov was based on the coat of arms approved in the eighteenth century. More precisely, on August 23, 1781, during the reign of Empress Catherine II. She then signed a special highest decree on the coat of arms of Saratov. The description of the main symbol of the city also contained information about sterlets applied to it, which indicated the country's abundance of sturgeon fish - the main wealth of the great Volga.
In 2001, the description of the coat of arms slightly changed from the 1996 edition: the color of the shield (pentagonal, French) was indicated as azure, blue. As before, there are three sterlets here, but a golden earth crown with five visible teeth and a decorative wreath with intertwined oak leaves, laurel leaves and ears of wheat, symbolizing the strength, stamina, courage, hospitality and hard work of the inhabitants of the Saratov land, appeared above the shield peoples, natural resources of the region. However, the crown and oak leaves were also on the coat of arms of the Saratov province of the Russian Empire, adopted in 1778. They are still there.
The legislators of our time did not interfere in history, modifying the historical coat of arms and its semantic load. Sterlets on the official symbol of Saratov were present on the coats of arms of all eras, because it was no coincidence that they were on it. For centuries, these representatives of the sturgeon family have been the most popular commercial fish, which were caught in the largest river in Europe - the Volga. A few centuries ago, tons of Volga sterlet were sent to different parts of our vast country, imported into neighboring states. And today the sterlet is also the most popular commercial fish. There are special farms in the Volga basins that breed sturgeon, including sterlet. As for its presence on the coat of arms of Saratov, apart from the wealth of fish abundance, the sterlet also symbolizes the purity of the Volga and all small rivers of the region.