The main meaning of the term "theater" is a place of spectacles. However, the theater is also the show itself, which includes elements of different types of art and has a tremendous impact on the person, the viewer.
The word theater has several meanings. Firstly, this is the place, the building, where the spectacles (performances, concerts, performances) take place. No country can do without theater establishments. The Eastern theater, like all Eastern theaters, is characterized by the preservation of ancient traditions; European theater buildings also try to contain classical elements in their architecture, for example, huge columns are almost an obligatory attribute of any theater building.
Another meaning of the word "theater" is the show itself, a form of performing arts. The action always takes place on the stage, on a dais, thanks to which the audience can see the performance from any end of the hall. The main performers are actors, singers or reciters.
An actor is not necessarily a living person, it can be a doll, the main thing is that the expressiveness of the action is conveyed to the viewer, giving him the opportunity to show accumulated emotions, because it is for this that people go to the theater. Emotions can be very different, from sadness to joy, from tears to stormy fun, from calmness to anger. But, unlike cinema, usually no viewer remains indifferent, this is achieved by the magic of live communication between the viewer and the actor.
Theater as a whole is called not only the acting troupe, but all employees of the institution. Directors, make-up artists, illuminators, decorators, props, painters, stage workers, cloakroom attendants, ushers, cashiers - all this is a theater.
Theater as a performing art emerged from ancient folk rituals, festivals, games, songs, dances, masquerades. At first, it was always a mass art, but gradually they began to single out individual performers, actors or singers from the crowd, the spectacles began to be held regularly, there was a separation of artists and the public. In addition, the theater has become a form of income, special professions have appeared (actor, director, screenwriter, producer, impresario, etc.) and educational institutions that graduate specialists in these professions.
There are many genres of theater performances. This is a drama, comedy, musical, etc. But ballet deserves special mention. This type of theatrical art combines dance, music, plot, dramatic design. Ballet requires from its performers great endurance and endurance, constant work on themselves, the ability to convey the emotions of their characters through dance, i.e. have the art of pantomime.
Musical theater requires high vocal or instrumental abilities from its performers. In such theaters, operetta performances are given, in which an element of ballet can be added.
Theaters by genre and orientation can be children's, puppet, parody, opera. There are also theaters of animals, pantomimes, satire, shadows, pop, light, etc.