Interpol is the world's largest International Police Organization, which unites 190 countries.
Not so long ago, this organization celebrated a century of existence, it still remains one of the most powerful consolidated forces in the fight against organized crime.
The official name "International Criminal Police Organization - Interpol" was approved by the 1956 charter, which is still in force. Not much is known about the activities of Intrepol to the general public. Despite the presence of an official website and a number of departmental publications, the organization does not strive for information openness and does not often talk about its victories in the fight against organized transnational crime.
Goals and objectives
“Our role,” says an official statement from Interpol, “is to unite and mobilize police forces around the world to work together to make the world a safe place. Our high-tech infrastructure and technical and operational support capabilities help meet the growing needs of government agencies in the fight against 21st century crime.”
Interpol is engaged in the international search for criminals, counteracts organized crime, human and drug trafficking, terrorism, and also fights against economic crimes, cybercrime, the distribution of child pornography and the organization of "brothels" and other illegal activities.
In principle, Intrepol does not deal with issues related to the internal politics of states, as well as crimes that are political, offenses that infringe on the sovereignty of countries. Nor does he interfere in military matters. The department does not deal with religious strife, does not delve into ethnic conflicts.
Criminals on this planet have little chance of absconding from justice - out of 260 countries of the world, 190 are members of Interpol. It is the second largest international intergovernmental organization in terms of membership after the United Nations. Each participating country has its own National Central (Territorial) Bureau of Interpol. In the Russian Federation, such a body was created in 1991 under the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
Today, the organization solves its tasks under the leadership of the first woman-president in its history, Mireille Balestrasi, who was elected to this post in 2012 and will hold it until 2016, when the next elections to the General Assembly, the highest governing body of Interpol, will be held. Mireille Balestrazi is a Frenchwoman, and the head of the secretariat, which deals with current issues, is the American Ronald Noble, who holds this post for the third time.
The Executive Committee of Interpol serves as an advisory body with elements of coordination. This body prepares the program of work of the department.
Several years ago, a new department appeared in the department, which today has representative offices in each bureau - this is the department for work with the population. Employees - most of whom are teachers and psychologists - are active in educational work, and also organize the promotion of law-abiding behavior. Even a children's website has been launched, which tells about the work of the police and the importance of its mission.