What Are African Tribes

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What Are African Tribes
What Are African Tribes

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Africa is the warmest continent on earth. It is here that the homeland of humanity is located. This is the most diverse continent in terms of ethnic composition of the population, where hundreds of nationalities and thousands of different tribes live.

Pygmies of the equatorial jungle of Africa
Pygmies of the equatorial jungle of Africa

Instructions

Step 1

Today, the African continent has 54 independent countries with a total population of over a billion people. Each state has significant differences in economic development, territory, number of nationalities and religions. From the big ones like Sudan, Congo, Libya, Algeria, to the smallest ones - Swaziland, Lesotho, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tome and Principe. The most populated country in Africa is Nigeria. Its population is about 166 million people.

Surma tribe people
Surma tribe people

Step 2

The ethnic composition of the population of African countries is complex in a very large variety of large and small ethnic groups, 24 of which number over five million people, and 83 - more than a million. The population is represented by various anthropological types belonging to different races. Most of the nationalities make up many different tribes. According to scientists, there are about 7000 of them.

Mursi tribe representative
Mursi tribe representative

Step 3

Northern Africa is inhabited by Arabs and Berbers, who belong to the Indo-Mediterranean race. South of the Sahara, the population is represented by the peoples of the large Negro-Australoid race, which is divided into three small ones - Negro, Negrill and Bushman (they are distinguished by their high growth).

Damara tribe people
Damara tribe people

Step 4

Ethiopian peoples live in Somalia and Ethiopia. It is an intermediate race between Indo-Mediterranean and Negroid (wavy hair, narrow nose and thick lips). The peoples of the Kalahari geographic region - Hottentots, Bushmen - belong to the Bushmen race. They are distinguished by yellow-brown skin, flatter face and thin lips. Colonization in southern Africa led to the emergence of a special type of people - people of color. The population of Madagascar is Malagasy, distinguished by the peculiarity of mixing the South Asian (Mongolian) and Negroid races.

Step 5

An integral part of the peoples of Africa, these are countless tribes. From large to very small, consisting of only a few families. For example, the Hottentots include tribes: Herero, Damara, Grikva, Korana, etc. The peoples of Ethiopia Afara, Amhara, Kushites, Kafa include such tribes: Surma, Suri, Mursi. Also, a huge variety of tribes are distinguished by relatively large southern peoples: Bantu, Zulu.

Step 6

The jungles of equatorial Africa are inhabited by a more famous people - the pygmies. Pygmies are short. This population also consists of many tribes, mostly wild. The civilization of the planet and progress in the development of society leave less and less chances to preserve the primitive culture of the peoples and tribes of Africa.

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