What Is A One-party System

What Is A One-party System
What Is A One-party System

Video: What Is A One-party System

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A one-party system is a type of political system in which a single political party has legislative power in the state. Any opposition parties are either banned or not allowed to power.

What is a one-party system
What is a one-party system


Step 1

A political party is a special public association, the purpose of which is to control the political power in the state or any other participation in the government of the state. Such participation is possible with the help of representatives in public authorities and / or local government. Almost every party has its own program, which contains a list of the party's goals and planned ways to achieve such goals. The nature of the party system of an individual state is determined by the degree of real participation of parties in the formation of state and municipal bodies.

Step 2

A variation of the one-party system is the case when there are other parties in the state, which are obliged to recognize the leadership as the main one in accordance with the law. In this case, the position within the party may be more important than the position in the state apparatus. Perhaps the most striking example of a state in which a one-party system existed can be called the USSR (Despite this, in the USSR there was never a ban on the creation of other parties).

Step 3

In political systems characterized as one-party, the activities of other parties are not prohibited. Moreover, elections are held regularly, which, in turn, creates the appearance of the importance of the will of the people. The ruling party always wins elections, no matter how great the opposition is. Due to such elections, the ruling party has the opportunity to renew its cadre potential, change the program and discredit the opposition, creating the appearance of being ahead of the latter in the field of new ideas.

Step 4

One-party political system leads to a complete reorganization of the entire political system. There is a complete merger of the party and state apparatus. At the same time, the legislative power, in fact, passes to the party leadership, which uses the state simply as an administrative mechanism to implement its decisions and translate its ideas.

Step 5

The state budget actually becomes a party budget, which enormously strengthens the position of the ruling party. Public organizations are losing their usefulness, tk. become an instrument in the hands of the ruling party, bringing closer the total control of the government over the people. Thus, civil society is practically destroyed - the concept of legality becomes formal, since the power itself puts itself above the law.

Step 6

The goals of the ruling party become priorities for the entire state. An official ideology is created, edited by the ruling party. This ideology becomes mandatory for all curricula and completely excludes freedom of thought. The institution of human rights and freedoms is being destroyed, since party goals are given higher priority. A person is viewed only as a tool, a means in realizing the interests of the party.

Step 7

Thus, one-party system inevitably leads to the emergence of a dictatorial regime with total control of one party over the state and society. An example is the one-party systems that existed in Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.

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