The development of the health care system is one of the most important tasks facing the state. Despite the global financial crisis, a lot has been done in the field of protecting the health of citizens in recent years, the state has managed to implement a number of important medical projects. In the coming years, it is planned to carry out activities aimed at improving the medical provision of Russians.
Since 2016, it is planned to introduce a system of accreditation of specialists in healthcare. This, in turn, will change the system of training doctors, since 2013 they will have much more practical training than now. One of the problems that will have to be solved is a large shortage of narrowly specialized doctors - for example, nutritionists, pediatric oncologists, nephrologists, pulmonologists. At the same time, there is an excess of surgeons, traumatologists, and dentists. This imbalance in the training system is to be corrected.
Work will continue to improve the mechanism of state regulation of prices for medicines. It is planned to introduce a federal contract system in the procurement of medical goods, performance of work and provision of services. The issue of insurance or state reimbursement to the population of a part of the cost of drugs is being considered. For some categories of citizens, the cost of drugs will be reimbursed in full.
Due to the fact that Russia's accession to the WTO cannot but affect the state of the market for medical goods and services, work is required to minimize the negative consequences of this step for Russian manufacturers.
It is planned to improve a number of articles of legislation in the field of medicine. In particular, concerning orphan (rare) diseases. One of the problems in this area is the inaccessibility of the necessary medicines for patients due to the fact that the procedure for their registration is very complicated. Medicines for the treatment of orphan diseases must undergo all licensing procedures in an expedited manner.
The salaries of doctors will not be ignored either. According to the decree signed by the President of the Russian Federation, by 2018 it is planned to increase the salary of medical workers to 200% in relation to the average monthly salary in the regions.
A complete personnel register of medical workers will be created, regardless of whether they work in public institutions or commercial ones. This will allow you to know exactly how many medical workers there are in the country, what specialization they have. Thanks to accounting, it will be possible to educate students more rationally, preparing the specialists in demand.
From July 1, 2012, hospitals and clinics are transferred to the system of state orders. Critics of this decision say that the law "On the commercialization of budgetary institutions", adopted back in 2011, will lead to the transition of medical institutions to self-sufficiency, while free medicine will remain in the past. Proponents of the transition, in turn, argue that the new law will allow to draw clear boundaries between free services guaranteed by the state and additional paid ones. Each medical institution will display a list of the services provided, while the exact prices will be indicated for the paid ones. This will allow the person who seeks medical help to know exactly what he can pay for, and what he is not obliged to pay for. Time will show how the adopted law will manifest itself in practice.