1776 marked a turning point in world history. It was at this time, on July 4, that the US Declaration of Independence was adopted, which charted the course of this country towards political power. In this year, a state was born, which would later become a world power, similar to the Roman Empire.
In the United States' Declaration of Independence, the British colonies in North America unilaterally declared their independence from Great Britain. This historic document was approved unanimously at the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776.
The Declaration of Independence was the first official document in which the British colonies were first referred to as the "United States of America".
At the beginning of the 17th century, the first settlers landed on the shores of North America. Gradually, they began to move inland, exterminating the local Indian population. By 1775, the English colonies in North America had over 2.5 million settlers.
The British crown, the nobility and the big bourgeoisie made huge profits from the North American colonies. At the same time, all of them, fearing the growing competition, in every possible way tried to slow down the development of trade and industry there.
In 1775, the War of Independence of the North American colonies against the dictatorship of Great Britain began. This bloody war lasted until 1783. Great Britain, exhausted by a long confrontation, recognized the independence of the United States.
Of the 56 people who signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, five were captured by the British and executed as traitors. Nine people were killed in the Revolutionary War, and two were subsequently elected presidents of the United States - John Adams and Thomas Jefferson.
On July 4, the United States celebrates its national holiday - Independence Day.
The origin of the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow
On March 28, 1776, Prince Pyotr Urusov received government permission to open a permanent acting troupe. On this basis, the Bolshoi Theater will be created.
At first, the actors did not have their own theater building, so they were forced to give performances in the annex to the house of Count Vorontsov. In 1780, a stone building was built on the site of the Bolshoi Theater, which became the first permanent theater in Moscow.
What else happened in the world in 1776
In 1776, Adam Smith's Investigations into the Nature and Cause of the Wealth of Nations were published in London. This book marked the beginning of political economy. For the first time, Smith considers economics as a system where certain patterns operate that can be studied and systematized.
In 1776 the city of Yekaterinoslav was founded - nowadays Dnepropetrovsk.
Judicial torture was abolished in Austria this year, and Freedom of the Press was declared in Sweden.