The tradition of holding nikah on the territory of our country is observed by Muslims with an enviable, as they say, constancy, in different historical periods. Most often, conducting nikah today is more a tribute to tradition than following the internal laws of faith. Although the latter is also common.
It is necessary
Witnesses: two men or one man and two women. Skull-caps for all the men present (if they suddenly do not have their own skull-caps), headscarves for women. Change money - "for sadaqa."
Nikah is a Muslim wedding ceremony, which can be compared with the wedding accepted by Christians. Traditionally, nikah is performed by relatives in the bride's house, by her relatives. Although there is now a tendency to hold nikah in the mosque, in most cases the mullah or imam is invited home.
When you choose the date for the ceremony, keep in mind that nikah is not read during Muslim fasting - "uraza".
Keep in mind that while reading the prayer on the nikah, the bride and groom will also need to say a special prayer. And if you do not know the words of the prayer, you need to ask them from the mullah on the day when you will agree with him about the date of the nikah. Learn them in advance.
To participate in the nikah ceremony, invite witnesses (also Muslims); two men or one man and two women. Of the guests, in general, let only the closest relatives be present.
During the ceremony, everyone should be dressed appropriately. The men cover their heads with a skullcap. Women in headscarves and dresses, covering the legs to the calves and hands to the wrists. Ideally, the bride should be wearing a hijab.
Alcoholic drinks are not allowed on the festive table. There is a certain set of traditional dishes that must be placed on the table when performing nikah. This is a homemade noodle soup served as a first course. For the second - boiled meat with potatoes and fried onion and carrot dressing. And also balish - this is the name of a pie stuffed with meat and potatoes. Tatar cuisine is famous for its dough dishes, and therefore, a variety of pastries must be present on the festive table on the occasion of nikah. This is gubadia - a pie with rice, raisins, dried apricots and evaporated sweet curd. Also put on the table the attributes of the festive wedding table - chak-chak, triangles (pies with potatoes and meat) and honey.
From the groom's side there should be a present in the form of two baked stuffed geese, one of which is cut by the groom's father during the meal, and the groom's relatives, according to custom, take the other with them. A pair of geese symbolizes a newly formed married couple.
At the table, all guests must be seated in a special order, with the mullah at the head of the table. A welcome prayer is read. Before reading the main prayer, the mullah asks the groom and the bride, witnesses and relatives about the presence or absence of circumstances that may prevent the marriage. Then, according to tradition, he explains to the bride and groom what nikah is, what obligations he imposes on those who are combined with this rite. The main prayer follows. During the prayer, the mullah asks the bride and groom for their mutual consent, which they must confirm by repeating the prayer three times.
Then the mullah asks the groom for the so-called "mahr", simply speaking a gift to the bride. Traditionally, some kind of gold jewelry acts as a terry, so get ready for this, purchase it ahead of time.
Before the end of the prayer, all those present should stand up and present "sadaqa" to each other. This is what the Islamic tradition calls a donation in honor of the Almighty. Usually it is money from 10 to 100 rubles. Pass the money folded in four, covering it with your palm.
After completing the prayer, the mullah gives parting words to the newlyweds and tells how they should behave in marriage. This is followed by congratulations and wishes from the guests.
When the solemn ceremony comes to an end, you can proceed to the festive meal.