The Internet, which is often called the World Wide Web, was considered exotic a few years ago. Now, a huge number of people simply cannot imagine life without him. They receive a variety of information via the Internet, communicate on many forums, and maintain their own blogs. With the help of Internet magazines, news and commentary spreads at a tremendous speed among a significant number of people. Without exaggeration, bloggers have become a real and very impressive force.
The Internet has not only positive but also negative sides. Some users of the World Wide Web abuse its capabilities by posting empty, meaningless comments (the so-called flame), or even insult, provoke other users. This behavior is called trolling. It is even worse when various bloggers publish unverified, erroneous, or even outright defamatory information, the consequences of which can be very sad. Unfortunately, there are many examples of this. Therefore, in the light of recent events, when libel was again considered a criminal offense, a quite reasonable question arose: what about libel spread over the Internet? What rules should generally apply on the World Wide Web (at least on the territory of Russia)?
Russian Prime Minister Dmitry A. Medvedev recently named five principles on which the Internet should be built.
1st principle. The Internet must be free. That is, the introduction of strict censorship, which the Russian opposition fears, is out of the question.
2nd principle. It is necessary to develop clear and clear rules by which every Internet user should be guided. That is, it is necessary to observe the "golden mean": on the one hand, to prevent anarchy and permissiveness; on the other hand, avoid unnecessary complication. From the point of view of D. A. Medvedev, it will not be easy to achieve this, but we must strive for it.
3rd principle. All the work of the Internet should be aimed at ensuring that any person can get the information he needs, but at the same time be protected from the malicious content of sites. For example, those that promote pedophilia, drug addiction, national or religious hatred, etc.
4th principle. On the Internet, copyright rules must be strictly observed.
5th principle. You should fight all kinds of violations on the Internet only by legal means, in strict accordance with applicable law and generally accepted international practice.