There are many bright names in Russian literature. Among them is the talented writer Ivan Ivanovich Makarov. Due to circumstances not in his favor, the author's work was forgotten for many years.
At baptism, Ivan Makarov was named John. He was born on October 30 in 1900 in Saltyki. The parents of the future prose writer were peasants, very educated people at that time. They came from solid households.
Years of study
The boy's father was engaged in shoemaking. All his property was a sewing machine. The family lived in the grandfather's house, to whom the entire land was assigned. In total, the parents of the future writer had six children. The oldest of all was Ivan.
The earth could not feed enough to feed the entire considerable family. Often the father went to Moscow to work. As the best student of the village school, Ivan was admitted to the Ryazhskaya men's gymnasium. All of her teachers had university degrees.
The tutor of the educational institution was the secret adviser Ermolov. Often he took high school students to his estate, where the children examined the well-kept greenhouses with outlandish plants, the park, greenhouses and gardens.
In 1918 the gymnasium was merged with the women's one and renamed. The school had a choir, there were all the instruments for organizing an orchestra or ensemble. There was even a place for oboe and double bass. Gymnasium students created an ensemble of balalaika players.
Children showed performances to local residents, held Sunday readings for fellow practitioners, accompanied by light pictures, and showed films. Sports weekends were practiced at the gymnasium. Games were held there in the spring, football competitions and boating in the summer. In the winter season, ski walks and an ice rink were organized.
The future writer perfectly mastered the exact sciences, but the restless boy started having problems with literature and his native language. Makarov graduated from training in June 1919. The gymnasium gave an excellent preparation for the future life. During my studies, the country underwent global changes.
New life and literature
The further work of the writer is inextricably linked with the biography. In his novel The Black Shawl, he even indicated the exact number of land plots that belonged to Princess Trubetskoy, from whom his ancestors rented land. He also mentioned the number of inhabitants of his native village in the work "Steel Ribs".
With the advent of the new government Makarov will join the local leadership. The father of the future writer encouraged the land program. His looks are section and son. In his work, the main characters were the land, the peasants and the revolution, which had so dramatically turned the usual way of life. The works show the events that took place in 1917.
The "Black Shawl" tells about the rather controversial actions of the peasants. Vera Valentinovna Vonlyarlyarskaya became the wife of the prose writer. The couple had an adopted son, January. At seventeen, in 1941, he went to the front. Closer to the end of the war, January died at Konigsberg.
Makarov's education level aroused respect and even envy among his fellow workers. After the revolution, the young man fought in the Red Army, served as an intelligence officer in the ChON.
In 1922 he was recalled from the post of the district secretary of the Komsomol committee and sent as an instructor to the province.
It was necessary for Ivan Ivanovich to live in Ryazan, but often he went to the districts as a provincial representative. He was included in the list of delegates to the All-Union Komsomol Congress. Makarov combined his literary work with work.
With his active support, a literary circle and a local branch of the poetry union were created in Ryazan in 1924.
In 1926 Ivan Ivanovich went to work in the department of public education. He left Ryazan for a short period to travel through Siberia. Direction at the local land management technical school became the final meta of the writer's work in Ryazan.
All his life Makarov tirelessly participated in the arrangement of a new life. His articles were published in local newspapers, he was in the role of a village correspondent. He created notes "Work cry", "Boots and oil", "Key". He became the author of the works "Mishkin's Smuggling" and "The First Resurrection".
These works brought the author all-Union fame and became his pass to great literature. In 1929, his debut novel Steel Ribs was published in the capital. The essay was published in the "Young Guard" edition. After this Makarov moved to Moscow. At that time he wrote the stories "The Last Bumpkin", "The Firebird", "Stepan Suffering for Peace."
The time of life in the capital was marked by the appearance of the "Raid of the Black Beetle", "Peace on Earth", "Cossack Farm", "Hofmaler Nikitka", the writer's stories. From 1933 to 1936 he composed The Black Shawl and Misha Kurbatov. To this day, two novels have not been published, India in Blood with The Big Plan.
The fate of several of the author's creations remained unknown. Lost his compositions "Passionate Muscovite" with "Veksha". The novel "Blue Fields" remained unfinished. In 1922 Ivan Ivanovich headed the Ryazan branch of the Writers' Association.
For the story "On the Bend" in 1929, the author was awarded the Pathfinder publication. In 1939, the writer was awarded a prize from the World of Adventures magazine for his essay "The Silent Tambourine".
After the publication of Misha Kurbatov, Makarov was arrested. In February 1937 he was charged with preparing a crime against the authorities. Supposedly for this purpose, he organized the creation of an association of peasant writers. He was sentenced to death. Makarov died on July 16, 1937. Subsequently, it was proved that no conspiracy and preparation of a crime initially existed.