The attitude towards President Yeltsin is ambiguous, but he certainly cannot be called indifferent. For some, he became the personification of freedom, a man who brought Russia out of a most difficult crisis and prevented the final fall of the Russian state's authority on the world stage. Others associated with him the complete impoverishment of the Russians, the rampant crime. But everyone is unanimous in one opinion: President Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin was a man who loved his country, was devoted to it and did everything in human power for its prosperity.
The beginning of the way
In the village of Butka, which is comfortably located in the southern part of the Sverdlovsk region, on February 1, 1931, the future president of Russia was born. Boris Nikolaevich's parents were ordinary Soviet people. Father Nikolai Ignatievich ran a small enterprise specializing in the construction of economic and residential facilities. Mother Klavdia Vasilievna was a dressmaker.
At the age of five, Boris moved with his parents from the village to the small town of Bereznyaki, which was located in the Perm Territory. Little Yeltsin went to school here. He immediately showed his leadership qualities and was appointed head of the class. Boris studied well. A surviving education document suggests that he was a solid drummer. The boy achieved particular success in algebra, geometry, natural science, geography, astronomy, and the German language. In these school subjects, he had fives. The only thing that was lame with this student was discipline. It was difficult to call him exemplary, since Boris was more than once seen in school fights. His peers respected him and were a little afraid because of his hot temper and fighting character.
Boris Nikolayevich received his higher education at the Ural Polytechnic Institute. The young man decided to follow in his father's footsteps and began to master the profession of a civil engineer, prestigious at that time. Successfully gnawing the granite of science, young Yeltsin was actively involved in sports. He was tall and athletic, and therefore used his natural abilities in volleyball. Over time, having shown remarkable abilities in a sports game, Yeltsin fulfilled the standard for the master of sports of the Soviet Union, and later he was entrusted to coach the women's volleyball team. There he met his future wife Anastasia (Naina) Girina.
For a long time, young people hid mutual sympathy from each other, trying to maintain just friendly communication. But over time, they realized that they could no longer hide their feelings. The young stately man attracted the attention of many pretty girls at the institute, but his heart was forever given to Naina. Boris Yeltsin fell deeply in love with a petite, cheerful and talented girl, and she reciprocated.
After graduating from the institute, Boris Nikolaevich got a job at the Sverdlovsk Construction Trust. The young specialist begins to confidently climb the career ladder. In 1961, Yeltsin joined the ranks of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. This was an important step towards career advancement. Indeed, at that time, joining the CPSU, a person received a kind of "start in life." It was useless to count on a successful career without party membership. Thus, from a simple engineer, Yeltsin was promoted to chief engineer of a construction trust. A few years later, Boris Nikolaevich was appointed head of the Sverdlovsk house-building plant.
Yeltsin's political career
Joining the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the beginning of Boris Nikolayevich's political career. His dedication, perseverance and ability to achieve the set goals actively contributed to the advancement of the political career ladder. The beginning was his election to the Kirov regional committee of the CPSU.
In 1968, the talented leader was appointed to a new job in the Sverdlovsk Regional Committee of the CPSU. Seven years later, Yeltsin becomes the secretary of the committee. Now he is in charge of one of the most promising regions in the country.
In 1976, Yeltsin became the first person in the Sverdlovsk region. The forty-five-year-old leader began to actively develop his region. During the years of his reign, Boris Nikolaevich has achieved tremendous results. The region has improved food supplies, built new agricultural and industrial facilities, and built strategically important highways.
Since 1978, the career of Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin has been dynamically developing. He is a member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, and since 1984 has become a member of its Presidium.
In 1985, Yeltsin was transferred to Moscow. His field of activity continues to be in the coordination of the construction of residential and industrial projects.
After some time, Boris Nikolaevich became the first secretary of the Moscow City Committee of the CPSU. This historical period was marked by the fact that Yeltsin fell into a maelstrom of political passions and manipulations, as a result of which his relations with the CPSU were severed. At this moment, his popularity and authority among the electorate are the highest. From an ordinary party functionary, he turns into an alternative leader of the country. Thus, on June 12, 1991, Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin becomes President of the RSFSR. He did not come to this post, being the heir, as in the period of autocracy, and was not nominated by the party elite, as in Soviet times. He became the first President in history to be elected by the Russian people.
Leaving the presidency
The collapse of the Soviet Union shook Boris Nikolayevich's rating as President. This was also facilitated by the radical reforms carried out by him. The situation was aggravated by the war in Chechnya. It will then be called the result of Yeltsin's thoughtless policy in providing the regions with independence from the center. But the Russian people continue to patiently live with the hope for a better future. And in 1996, Boris Yeltsin is gaining the necessary number of votes to be elected for a second presidential term. But the pendulum has been launched, and the country continues to slide into the abyss of poverty and lawlessness. The state's external debt is growing like a snowball. The people begin to grumble, and calls for the president's resignation are heard more and more often. Yeltsin himself is physically very ill. The leader of the state decides to resign from the post of President of the Russian Federation. On the night of December 31, 1999, he announced this on television. Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin becomes his successor.
On April 23, 2007, Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin passed away. Russia said goodbye to the first people's president. During his reign, Russia went through a very difficult time. It was a period of tremendous upheavals, personal tragedies and serious losses. But to say that this is the exclusive fault of Boris Nikolayevich's rule is to be unfair. Yeltsin was at the helm at this time and did everything possible so that the country did not collapse into the abyss of oblivion completely.
Faina Iosifovna Yeltsina, until the last minute of Boris Nikolayevich's life, remained a true friend and ideological ally, a loving and caring wife to him. In this marriage, daughters Elena and Tatiana were born. Currently, Tatyana Yumasheva (Yeltsina) is the head of the Foundation for the first president of the Russian Federation.