Stepan Zlobin is a famous Soviet writer, laureate of the Stalin Prize, awarded the Order of the Great Patriotic War. Created mainly historical prose. His most famous works were the novel "Stepan Razin", "Buyan Island", "Salavat Yulaev".
Stepan Pavlovich was born in Moscow in 1903. The grandson who was born on November 11 (24) was raised by his grandmother. The twelve-year-old future writer went to Ufa to visit his father. There he was found by the outbreak of the First World War. Pavel Vladimirovich went to the front. Styopa returned to Ryazan again. Here he entered a real school.
By the fourth grade, the boy decided on his future activities. His biography took a sharp turn: the boy was accepted into a detachment of Baltic sailors. In the provincial newspapers, the novice writer published poetry under the pseudonym Argus.
At the same time, he studied the art of painting in the workshop of the famous artist Philip Malyavin. Then Zlobin entered a theater studio. In 1920, the future prose writer started working as a statistician, then began to work in a grocery warehouse. At the same time, he received his education at the industrial and economic technical school.
In 1921 Stepan Pavlovich became a student at the Bryusov Literary and Art Institute. During his studies, Zlobin became interested in linguistics, creative psychology.
After graduation, the future writer went to Ufa as a teacher of Russian language and literature at school. He had to give up work due to a sharp deterioration in health. He moved to a more relaxed position as a statistician of the Ufa State Planning Commission.
Stepan Pavlovich went on expeditions to remote corners of Bashkiria. He studied local dialects, collected folklore, songs, legends.
They were very useful to him while working on an essay about Salavat Yulaev. In 1928, based on the results of the trip, literary and ethnographic travel notes "Around Bashkiria" were written.
The real literary debut took place in 1924. The author presented the children's poetic fairy tale "Trouble". In 1927 the first book of the prose writer, the novel Roads, was completed. It examined the events unfolding in the Southern Urals from the end of the nineteenth century to the present period for the author.
The publication of the book has been delayed. In 1929, the writer won recognition. He presented his novel "Salavat Yulaev" to the readers.
The critic perceived this large-scale historical work ambiguously. By 1940, the novel had been revised. Together with his wife Galina Spevak, the book was transformed into a script for the drama of the same name by Yakov Protazanov.
She told about the national hero of the Bashkirs, who led their peasant uprising led by Pugachev. In the thirties, Zlobin worked on radio in the children's broadcasting office. He headed the section of historical literature of the Writers' Union since the late thirties. Zlobin finished his writing courses half a month before the start of the Great Patriotic War.
He was sent to the "writers" company at the capital's militia. Then he ended up in the divisional newspaper. The prose writer and poet near Vyazma received a shell-shock in the battle, was wounded and was taken prisoner. Until the spring of 1942, he was preparing an escape. The attempt failed, and Zlobin ended up in a camp on the Elbe. He stayed there until October 1944, becoming the head of the local underground. After being exposed with seriously ill patients, he was sent to the Lodz region.
The prisoner was freed in January 1945. The writer expounded his memories of that time in one of his most impressive creations, The Risen Dead. In 1948 the author presented the historical large-scale novel "Buyan Island" about the uprising of the Pskov population in the middle of the seventeenth century.
In 1951, the work "Stepan Razin" was published. Within a few years, a real epic was created. In 1852 Zlobin received the Stalin Prize for his literary works. The impressive epic included two volumes. The author has recreated in books the biography of Razin, his struggle. The uprising of the seventeenth century became one of the largest in Russian history. The image of Stepan was presented as a proud and confident person in the power of truth.
By 1962, his autobiographical work Missing Persons was published. The work was dedicated to the struggle of captured Soviet soldiers.
The work was dedicated to the struggle of captured Soviet soldiers. It turned out to be especially necessary for their subsequent rehabilitation. The characters endure hardships, finding the strength to resist circumstances. Soldiers regularly organized escapes, destroyed traitors, and prepared uprisings. The first book was published by the publishing house "Soviet Writer".
In the essay "Morning of the Century" the events preceding the revolution of 1905 were considered. The first part of it, "On the Abrupt Path", was published. The novel, its second part, remained unfinished: on September 15, 1965, Stepan Pavlovich Zlobin died.
The first wife of the author was Galina Spevak. A child appeared in the family in 1930. The son was named Nal. The marriage broke up and the writer got married again. Very little is known about Zlobin's second darling, only her name, Victoria Vasilievna.
Subsequently, Nal Stepanovich became a major culturologist. He was a recognized specialist in the field of social philosophy. Zlobin Jr. graduated from the Faculty of Philosophy of Moscow State University. There he later was engaged in teaching, worked as a journalist, was the editor of the publishing house "Science".
In 1984, Nal Stepanovich defended a thorough doctoral dissertation. His work was devoted to cultural progress. The wife of the son of the poet and prose writer was Irina Zhigunova.