The Baikal-Amur Mainline is one of the longest railways in the world. This road has been built since 1938 for several decades with long breaks. The highway runs in very difficult geographic conditions. Its construction required great efforts and truly heroic labor from the builders.
Construction of one of the first sections of the BAM began at the end of the 30s of the last century. It stretched from Taishet to Bratsk. Then, by decision of the Soviet government, design work began on the remote, eastern section of the road. The Great Patriotic War forced to suspend the construction of the highway. Construction resumed in 1947. During this period, the Baikal-Amur Mainline was built by prisoners as well.
A new stage in the construction of the road began in the second half of the 60s. On this occasion, a special resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR was even adopted. In 1974, significant funds were allocated for the construction of the next section of the highway - from Ust-Kut to Komsomolsk-on-Amur. The length of the railway line in this place was more than 3 thousand km.
Soon the party and the government declared BAM a shock Komsomol construction site of all-Union significance. Masses of young people began to come to the construction of the highway, driven by romance and a desire to benefit the country. The work was carried out very actively, the builders carried out them with great enthusiasm. The work of the youth was supervised by the headquarters for the construction of the BAM, specially created at the 17th Congress of the Komsomol.
The main part of the road has been under construction for over 10 years. In September 1984 the “golden link” of the highway was laid, which connected the eastern and western parts of the highway. But work in different areas continued after that. One of the most difficult and laborious stages of construction was the construction of the Severo-Muisky tunnel with a length of more than 15 km. The workers worked on it from 1977 to 2001.
In the memory of the inhabitants of the USSR, BAM is associated with the final stage of construction, and not with its beginning. Remembering the epic of the construction of the highway, the former builders of the road and those who participated in the construction of infrastructure facilities, assess the era of great labor achievements. For the participants in the construction of the BAM, the 70s-80s became an important part of their biography. The youth of many thousands of Soviet workers passed here.
The construction of the highway during the Soviet era was widely covered in the media. This topic has been developed by hundreds of writers, publicists and journalists. Plots from the construction site were broadcasted on television at regular intervals. The powerful ideological support helped to instill in the Soviet people a sense of pride in the labor exploits of the BAM builders and strengthened their faith in the advantages of socialism.