For a military man, it will not be difficult to determine the rank by shoulder straps. This is the first thing that a conscript soldier remembers, a cadet in the police teaches, a sailor remembers. But to civilians, stripes and asterisks on the shoulder straps very often do not say anything. But in life everything can come in handy, and it will not be superfluous to find out what military symbols mean.
The identification marks on the shoulder straps of the soldiers of the army and navy are the same. Only ranks differ. In addition, the ground units have a division into casual and field uniforms. The difference is that the letters VS (armed forces) are indicated on the shoulder straps of the everyday tunic, but there are no such symbols on the camouflage, only asterisks and stripes are left. There is no such difference in the naval forces. On all shoulder straps, except for senior and senior command personnel, there is the letter F (fleet).
The soldier of the army can be distinguished from all other ranks very simply. There are no stripes or stars on his shoulder straps. Only the abbreviation of the sun in casual clothing. In the navy, the rank of sailor corresponds to him.
A corporal in rank is older than a soldier. There is one stripe on his shoulder straps. On the ship, the corporal is called the senior sailor.
The junior sergeant and the sergeant have two and three stripes, respectively. In the naval forces, these ranks correspond to the foreman of the second article and the foreman of the first article.
The senior sergeant has one wide stripe, the foreman has two stripes - wide and narrow. Naval ranks - Chief Petty Officer and Chief Marine Petty Officer.
The ensign and the senior warrant officer already have small stars on their shoulder straps. The warrant officer has two, the senior warrant officer has three. The stars are located one after another parallel to the long edge of the shoulder strap. On the ship they are called the midshipman and the senior midshipman.
All junior officers wear stars on their shoulder straps. In addition, they are distinguished from the employees of the army by a red longitudinal stripe running through the entire epaulette.
The junior lieutenant has one star closer to the center of the shoulder strap. Lieutenant - two stars pinned across the shoulder strap, senior lieutenant - three, located in a triangle. The captain has four stars on his shoulder straps. In the naval forces, the ranks correspond to those of the land. In addition to the captain, they call him Lieutenant Commander.
The senior officers have larger stars on their shoulder straps and two red longitudinal stripes.
The major has one star in the center of the epaulette. Lieutenant Colonel - two stars located across the shoulder strap. Colonel - three stars pinned in a triangle. In the navy, these positions correspond to the ranks of captain 3, 2 and 1 ranks.
The shoulder straps of the senior officers are decorated with the largest stars. There are no red ribbons on the shoulder straps.
The Major General has one large star in the center of the shoulder strap. Lieutenant General - Two stars parallel to the long edge. Colonel General - three stars, one after the other. The general of the army has four large stars nailed on his shoulder straps, located one after another in a straight line. At sea, instead of generals, there are admirals. Their ranks are Rear Admiral, Vice Admiral, Admiral and Admiral of the Fleet, respectively.