Mark Grigorievich Fradkin is a famous composer. His songs became "The Volga River Flows", "And the Years Fly", "Goodbye, Doves" became popular.
Mrak Fradkin was born in Vitebsk in 1914 on May 4 in the family of a doctor.
A few months after the appearance of the future celebrity, the First World War began, which grew into a civil war. The family moved to Kursk.
Grigory Fradkin was shot. Mark's mother, later the Red Army men, presented the document. It said that the head of the family was killed by the White Guards. The widow was recommended to keep the paper all her life. And so she did.
Mother and son returned to Vitebsk. They had to starve. To feed the child, Evgenia Mironovna worked all day.
Having received complete freedom without supervision, the future composer studied poorly. Every year the teachers called my mother to school. The teachers told her that Mark could stay for a second year.
Evgenia Mironovna offered her own solution. She told the director that the family was moving. The boy was moving to another school. A negligent student was given the desired document in the hope that he would not study in this institution.
The new year began with a new team. As a result, Fradkin bypassed all city schools.
Years of adolescence
Over time, young Mark managed to pull himself together. The graduate entered the Polytechnic College. Cinema technology became a new hobby of the student.
After completing his studies, the young man began working as a safety engineer at a garment factory. She had a club with a theater group. Mark signed up for it.
After two years of work, the engineer got a job in the troupe of the Belarusian theater. Fradkin, 20, moved to Leningrad. He was admitted to the theater institute.
The future of composites began to write songs for student productions. After graduation, Mark arrived in Minsk. He was accepted as an actor and a medical director in the theater of a young spectator.
There were no performances in the evenings. The new manager used his free time wisely: he entered the conservatory. The future folk songwriter studied in the composition class.
In 1939 Fradkin was drafted into the army. In the rifle regiment, where the young man was sent, they immediately found out that they had a musician.
Mark was entrusted with organizing a soldier's ensemble. During the war, Fradkin conducted and directed the Song and Dance Ensemble of the Southwestern Front. Mark Grigorievich served in it until the end of 1943.
The first song he wrote was "Song of the Dnieper", created on the verses of Dolmatovsky, whom he met at the front. Hearing this work, Marshal Tymoshenko put on the composer the order he had taken off his head, adding that the presentation would take place later. Khrushchev repeated the same act.
The song became widely known. Then followed in collaboration with Dolmatovsky "Accidental Waltz". During the war, the popular duet of the poet and composer created several songs.
The most famous was "Bryanskaya Street" performed by Utesov. It was his interpretation that made Fradkin's songs extremely popular.
In 1944 Mark Fradkin was admitted to the Union of Composers. In the capital, a creative career was successfully gaining momentum. Fradkin collaborated with Dolmatovsky in writing the songs "We Lived in the Neighborhood", "Behind the Factory Outpost".
In 1944, the work "To Us in Saratov" was created based on the poems of Lev Oshanin.
Glory and fame
For many years, the composer's calling card was the song "On That Bolshak" performed by Klavdiya Shulzhenko. A few decades later, the creation was performed in a new way by Alla Pugacheva.
Fradkina called her "godfather" Edita Piekha. The song "Volga" became a real masterpiece. She gained fame after the 1960 painting "The Volga Flows".
First performed by Vladimir Troshin. But the most famous song became for Zykina. Since the beginning of the seventies, together with Rozhdestvensky, Fradkin has been writing “For that guy”, “There, Beyond the Clouds”.
The composer managed to speak in an understandable language with new listeners, to update the musical palette. Mark Grigorievich had a flair for promising young talents.
He was never afraid to give songs to young singers. Thanks to him, the "Gems" ensemble became popular. After the transformation of a part of "Gems" into "Flame", the composer presented the new collective with fifteen songs.
The ensemble took part in Fradkin's creative fans. Fradkin composed a solo concert with "Good fellows". With him, he toured the country and traveled abroad.
At the age of over seventy, Mark Grigorievich remained the soul of the entire team. He created "I will take you to the tundra", "Good omens".
The composer's creations were in demand for cinema. There were more than fifty works. Especially popular are the paintings "Volunteers", "A Simple Story", "Yurkin's Dawns", "Once Twenty Years Later".
Fradkin liked to visit the House of Composers near Moscow with his wife. At the end of December, she celebrated her birthday. The date coincided with the wedding day. There were always a lot of guests.
In turn, everyone sat down to sing the songs of the owner of the house at the piano. The composer's family life was happy. Raisa Markovna was loved and respected in musical circles.
The couple had a daughter, Eugene. Subsequently, Oleg Iosifovich Maisenberg, a pianist, became her husband. In 1981 he moved to Austria.
In 1984, the author's concert of Mark Grigorievich was recorded for television.
Mark Grigorievich Fradkin passed away in 1990, on April 4. The folk composer was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery.