"Muzeon" is, on the one hand, a mysterious name, on the other, it speaks for itself. It is associated with muse, music and museum. The last of the three associations is the most correct. Muzeon is an open-air museum and art park in Moscow.
Muzeon is the only art park in Moscow, it is unique and belongs to the cultural and educational sites of the city. Entrance to the territory is free, you can take pictures.
The park appeared on the site of a wasteland and a landfill for construction waste. In the late 60s, the buildings that were located on the Krymsky Val were demolished and a new building of the Tretyakov Gallery was erected in their place. In 1989, a park appeared on the site of the wasteland, it was created for ten years. It is unremarkable, but in 1991 everything changed.
The area around the New Tretyakov Gallery has become a kind of warehouse. The era of the USSR has ended and the cult of famous figures has been debunked. In Moscow, they dismantled the monuments to Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, Felix Dzerzhinsky and moved them to the park on the Crimean embankment.
There are many busts of general secretaries, leaders and politicians in Muzeon. There are many monuments to V.I.Lenin, there is the coat of arms of the USSR. Gradually, the park turned into a kind of exhibition, in connection with this, in January 1992, Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov gave a decree to create an open-air museum of sculptures.
Sculpture (from Lat. Sculptura, sculpo - I cut out, I cut out) is a type of fine art in a volumetric form. Since an exhibition of sculptures appeared in Muzeon, it got the name - "park of arts". Initially it was called - the State Association of Museum, Concert and Exhibition Work Muzeon (apparently the name comes from the word muse).
The exposition of the open-air museum has been formed for several years, first there were works by sculptors Oleg Komov, Iosif Chaikov, Vladimir Buinachev, Dmitry Tugarinov, Oleg Uvarov, Mikhail Dronov, Galina Glyzina, Olga Karelits, Evgeny Chubarov, Alexander Rukavishnikov.
In 1995, the collection of sculptures was replenished with exhibits of a military theme, in 1998 dedicated to the Stalinist repressions. In Muzeon you can see "We Demand Peace" by Vera Mukhina, "Stand to the Death" by Evgeny Vuchetich, "Disarmament" by Olga Kiryukhina, "Tank Landing" by Vladimir Dronov. For several years, the open-air museum has been holding symposia on sculptures from different materials, in which authors from different countries participate.
The territory of the park is divided into thematic zones, each dedicated to a specific era. In 2011, reconstruction was carried out, some of the sculptures were removed. Since 2007, busts of entrepreneurs and businessmen have been unlawfully installed in Muzeon (there is an Alley of Patrons and an Alley of Fame in the park, and it was on them that busts of modern “patrons” appeared), in 2011 they were removed. In 2012, the park underwent a large-scale reconstruction.
The data on the number of sculptures is different, some sources indicate that there are just over 800 of them (for example, Wikipedia). In others (for example, the site of Gorky Park), there are more than 1000 of them.
The park is within walking distance from the metro stations "Park Kultury", Oktyabrskaya (both radial and circular), Polyanka (entrance from Bolshaya Yakimanka street).