The very concept of totalitarianism as a kind of political system fully corresponds to its literal translation from the Latin language and denotes the unlimited control of the supreme power over almost all spheres of society. Totalitarianism, like authoritarianism, are considered dictatorship regimes and are condemned.
Totalitarianism in science is often called the social “disease” of the 20th century. This concept is directly related to the name of the famous Italian politician Benito Mussolini, who established a dictate of power in the country. It is precisely this that lies at the basis of global capitalist ideas, the main goal of which is to impose universal equality. According to the ideas expressed by the famous philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, it is the state that should express the general will of the people, and an individual person must, as it were, dissolve in this huge strong organism, obeying the same impulses.
Totalitarianism as a special form of the political system has a number of features, the most important of which is the issue of legitimacy, that is, the legality of the power that came to rule. It should be noted that the predecessors of the totalitarian system, as a rule, are revolution and rebellions, which is why the sincere desire of the people themselves to live in such conditions is always questioned.
The people completely cease to control all state processes. There is a total bureaucratization, control over absolutely all spheres of human life, from politics, economics and science to family, cultural and interpersonal ties. As a rule, it is in such conditions that moral and any moral values undergo serious changes and are implanted from above. The citizens of the country, in fact, become slaves of the existing political system.
One of the forms of totalitarian power is the policy of imposing a special internal terror, that is, artificially creating an atmosphere of mistrust and mutual denunciations. Espionage, a huge number of internal and external enemies, an atmosphere of constant danger - these are the main features of modern totalitarianism.
The legal system of the state is being completely modified, replaced by a system of immutable acts and decrees issued by the government. The government uses laws at its own discretion, manipulating the directives issued by it.
The system of separation of powers fades into the background, all power, as a rule, is concentrated in the hands of one single person, the leader and his political party. It is for totalitarianism that the emergence of a personality cult preached by all the inhabitants of the country is characteristic.
The consciousness of the people is changing, dissent and other similar manifestations of freedom and independence are persecuted in every possible way, the country becomes closed from the outside world.
The countries of the era of Hitler in Germany and Pinochet in Chile serve as vivid world examples of totalitarianism. Today, a totalitarian regime is inherent in such states as Cuba and Afghanistan; in our country, pronounced totalitarianism belongs to the period of the formation of the USSR, starting in 1918, and is associated with the implantation of the idea of socialism that dominated the country at that time.