People have been using candles as a source of light for five thousand years. The Egyptians made them from rush and reed, the Romans from papyrus and animal fat.
Modern wax candles are quite simple to make, and you can make candles yourself at home.
It is necessary
Foundation, cotton thread, scotch tape, enamel jug with spout, large saucepan, dishwashing liquid, cardboard, nail
Prepare a candle mold, a piece of rubber hose is good for this, its diameter and length depends on the size of the candle itself, to your taste. Along the entire piece, make a through cut so that the hose can be expanded into a strip, so it will be easier to remove the finished candle, wrap the form with tape. Glue a piece of thick cardboard to an even cut of one end of the form, when the glue dries, pierce a hole for the wick with an awl in the middle.
Twist a wick of the desired length from a floss or cotton thread, tie one end with a large knot, pass the other through a hole in the cardboard and screw it tightly onto a nail or needle on the other side of the rubber tube. Lubricate the inner surface of the hose with petroleum jelly or detergent. Secure the vertically finished shape with plasticine on a sheet of plywood or on a cutting board.
Place a large pot of water on a gas stove or hotplate, heat the water, but do not boil. Place an enamel pitcher with debris-free wax in a water bath in a saucepan. Melt the wax, stirring with a stick, to a liquid state and a temperature of no more than 70 degrees.
Gently pour the melted wax into the rubber mold with a small stream. If you are making a relatively thick candle, after a while, due to the shrinkage of the wax around the wick, a void may form, into which the melted wax should be poured again. Wrap the mold with rags so that the candle solidifies slowly, otherwise it may crack.
If you want to get a colored candle, instead of foundation, melt ordinary white household candles by adding to them planed wax crayon for painting, choosing one desired color. Add some vanillin for a pleasant scent. When the finished candle has completely hardened and becomes cold, cut or reel the tape, unfold the hose, the candle will easily separate from its walls. Use a knife to cut a piece of cardboard with a knot at the bottom end - the candle is ready.