By order of Pilate, at a meeting of the Sanhedrin, the death sentence was passed through crucifixion on the cross to "a thief and a Gentile" Jesus Christ. The accusation was based on the fact that Jesus called himself the Son of God and the Messiah who came to the land of Jerusalem to save the people who were mired in sin.
According to the laws of that time, the crucifixion took place on the place of execution - Mount Golgotha, and the cross had no religious background, then acting as nothing more than a "convenient" means of execution. Thieves, traitors and apostates were subjected to such punishment; those who committed, for example, murder or rape, were not subjected to crucifixion. They could be executed by baiting with wild animals or stoning them.
The crosses were made from a large log, the end of which was dug into the ground, and a crossbar was nailed to the upper part. At the very top of the pillar, a plate was attached on which the name of the crucified and the crime committed were written. The condemned man himself had to carry the cross to Golgotha.
Early on Friday morning, the procession, led by the centurion, set off to Calvary. The centurion was followed by Jesus and two more robbers, also sentenced to be crucified on the cross. Armed guards were at the rear of the procession.
Curiously, the guards had to watch not at all so that the criminal did not escape, but to ensure that he did not die during the ascent. Such a death was considered an undeserved favor. Sometimes, to facilitate the ascents, the crosses of criminals were carried by dummies - this was not prohibited by law. So it was with the tortured interrogation of Jesus - the young man carried the cross for him.
The cross was a rather heavy structure, so it was assumed that its end could be dragged along the ground. It is believed that this is why the ascent to Calvary was bald: the grass was simply trampled down and plowed with crosses.
According to legend, from the top of the mountain, Christ addressed the “spectators”, some of whom cried: “Daughters of Jerusalem! Do not weep for me”, further in his address he predicted the imminent destruction of Jerusalem, mired in lies and sin, torn apart by strife and fear from the attack of Roman troops. However, in fact, such an act was hardly possible, the criminals were forbidden to talk, and even more so to address the people with speeches.
The procession stopped at Calvary, the pillars were dug into the ground. Jesus Christ was raised, hands were spread on the crossbar and palms were nailed with nails. The legs were also tied and nailed to a log. Blood gushed out, but Jesus did not utter a groan or a cry.
The inscription "This is the King of the Jews" was nailed to the top of the cross. The chief priests and Pharisees grumbled because they did not recognize Jesus Christ as King of Judah. They demanded that the inscription "I am the King of Judea" be changed to emphasize that Jesus Christ called himself that.
The Scripture says that those who were crucified were to be given water from a wet sponge strung on a pole until they expired. Such actions prolonged the life and suffering of those executed. However, according to legend, Christ was served not water, but a sponge dipped in vinegar. Jesus died at sunset.