It would seem how long ago it was: the first tests, the launch of a spacecraft, the exit of a person into interstellar space. Today, astronautics has become a very common phenomenon, a person not only actively uses the universe for his own purposes, launching satellites and studying the movement of planets, but also thinking about space tourism and even the development of new territories.
And it all began with science fiction, legends, legends, dreams of mankind about something unknown and distant. However, a technical possibility that could embody the fantasies of the ancient Chinese, Iranians, Babylonians, Jules Verne and Herbert Wales into reality appeared only at the beginning of the 20th century and is associated with the name of the great Russian scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. It should be noted that the first attempts to launch space objects were made by a German rocket back in 1944, but practically the first flight into space took place on October 4, 1957, and it was made by an artificial Earth satellite built in the mighty USSR.
After sending into space and a huge number of successful and not very successful tests, the launch of an astronaut, whose name is known to every inhabitant of the planet, became a real triumph of mankind in the field of space exploration. This is Yuri Gagarin, the first inhabitant of the Earth, who in 1961 spent about 108 minutes in space and landed safely in the village of the Saratov region. Already on May 5 of the same year, the American astronaut Alan Shepard on the "Mercury-3" rose to a distance of 186 kilometers.
Later, group flights began, which were carried out on the space stations Mir, Salyut, etc. On the way to progress, humanity could not be stopped, every year new names thundered, new inventions were introduced, new technologies were developed. The space race of countries has begun.
In 1968, people managed to master the lunar surface, this heroic feat belongs to a group of Americans consisting of Armstrong, Collins and Aldrin, who stayed on the unknown planet for 21 hours. Similar landings were repeated in 1971. And in 1075, the first space docks of cooperating ships in open space took place.
One of the outstanding names of the era of the beginning of space exploration is the name of Sergei Pavlovich Korolev, it was he who designed and sent a great variety of satellites, rocket complexes and ships, automatically controlled from the Earth, into near-earth orbit. Under his direct supervision, the "Gagarin" "Vostok" was built, the stations were developed, which were later used to study the lunar surface, it was his thoughts that belonged to such ships as "Venus", "Probe", the multi-seat "Voskhod", which became that platform, with which people took their first step into outer space.
Today, ambitious humanity, inspired by its successes, expects to go further, ahead of the exploration of Mars, the discovery of new planets, the study of their structure, the properties of materials, and, possibly, the creation of intergalactic colonies suitable for life.