A residence permit in Estonia can be obtained on seven grounds: for work, doing business, studying, settling with a close relative, spouse, for living (with sufficient income), as well as on the basis of an international agreement. On these grounds, temporary residence permits in Estonia are issued. It is more difficult to obtain a residence permit for a long-term resident - for this you need to have lived in Estonia for at least 5 years, be fluent in Estonian and have income.
There are two types of residence permits in Estonia: a temporary residence permit and a long-term residence permit. Getting the first one is easy enough. It is given on the following grounds:
1. work in Estonia. This type is issued if there is an employer in Estonia and his consent and guarantees to hire a foreigner. It should be noted that a work permit is obtained separately in Estonia.
2. business in Estonia. Businessmen are granted a residence permit in Estonia only if they are decent financially: 120,000 kroons such a businessman must be able to invest in his business.
3. study. At the request of the university, you can issue a residence permit.
4. the presence of close relatives in Estonia.
5. presence of a spouse in Estonia.
6. legal high income - not less than 148,000 kroons for the last six months. Those who have such an income and want to live in Estonia are not entitled to obtain a work permit in the future.
7. on the basis of an international treaty.
In order to obtain a temporary residence permit in Estonia, it is necessary to submit an application at the foreign missions of Estonia or in Estonia itself, if the person is on its territory for one reason or another. The response to the application depends on the annual quota. If it is exhausted, then the application will most likely be rejected. The annual quota is usually 0.1% of the number of permanent residents of Estonia, i.e. approximately 1,300 people a year.
However, there are categories of persons who are not covered by the quota. These are ethnic Estonians, an Estonian spouse or spouse, his child or parents, citizens of the United States and Japan, and some other persons. These persons are not subject to quotas, which means that they are entitled to obtain a residence permit in any case. The duration of the residence permit depends on the circumstances for which the residence permit was issued. It can also be extended depending on the circumstances.
In Estonia, there are restrictions on the issuance of residence permits. An Estonian residence permit cannot be obtained by those who provided false information when submitting an application, convicted persons and convicts, suspected of belonging to a criminal community, serving in the foreign armed forces, former military personnel, intelligence workers and their family members.
An Estonian long-term resident's residence permit is issued to someone who has lived in Estonia for at least 5 years on a temporary residence permit, has a permanent income in Estonia, a registered place of residence and insurance. Also, a candidate for obtaining such a residence permit must have at least a minimum knowledge of the Estonian language. An application for a long-term resident's residence permit is submitted to the Estonian Police and Border Guard Board.