World Maritime Day was established in 1978 by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). It is celebrated according to tradition in the last week of September. Moreover, each individual state, within this week, is free to independently set the day of the celebration. In Russia, World Sea Day is celebrated on September 27.
The members of the International Maritime Organization believe that this holiday should focus everyone's attention on protecting the natural resources of the sea, ensuring the safety of navigation and navigation. Every year the Secretary General of the Maritime Organization prepares a report and speeches in connection with the holiday on various topics - for example, "60 years of IMO", "Global warming" and others.
In the capital of Great Britain in 1959, the inaugural meeting of the International Maritime Organization was organized. This specialized UN agency deals with the implementation in practice of important aspects of efficient and safe navigation, monitors pollution control and discharges from ships.
Shipping is one of the world's most international industries. Very often, one ship is served by the crew of different states and nationalities, and regular passage of ships through the sea territories of different countries is carried out. In addition, shipping is always a dangerous activity. The sea space hides in itself a considerable number of risks associated with the unpredictability and enormous power of the water element. This indicates the need to approve a clear regulatory framework of requirements adopted at the international level to regulate the rules and norms for the use of the resources of the seas and oceans. Representatives of various organizations are talking about these and other problems related to the maritime theme on this holiday.
The environmental side of the issue is no less important. Thousands of volunteers around the world are cleaning up beaches on Sea Day by cleaning up trash. On this holiday, rallies and processions in defense of the sea are held on the main streets of many cities.
Cognitive events are organized for schoolchildren and young children, during which listeners get acquainted with the secrets and riches of the sea world. Teachers teach students about the benefits of the seas and oceans to mankind, as well as how dangerous their pollution is. Museums and galleries host exhibitions of paintings on marine themes, including by the artist Ivan Aivazovsky. Craftsmen organize craft fairs dedicated to Sea Day.