Nikolai Nikolayevich Pevtsov is a Soviet railway worker who worked as an inspector for the safety of trains on the Moscow-Donbass railway during the Great Patriotic War. He was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor.
Nikolai Pevtsov was born on December 18, 1909 in Moscow. He grew up in the family of a railroad employee. The family lived in the town of Yelets. Nikolai's father worked at the local railway station. Nothing is known about the mother of the future Hero of Socialist Labor. The family lived in poverty. When Pevtsov was only 15 years old, his father died, leaving him an orphan.
Nikolay finished 9th grade. He did not go further to study, as he had to support himself on his own. He worked as an accountant at the Lacemakers' Union and then completed short courses and was promoted to accountant. In 1930, Nikolai entered the Eletsky technical school of communications. On the Yeletsk railway, he did an internship, was a repair worker, and then a road foreman.
In 1935, Nikolai graduated from a technical school and was sent to work in East Kazakhstan. His first place of work in his specialty was the Rubtsovsk - Ridder line. In 1937-1939, Pevtsov worked as the head of the repair-track column of the Valuyki station of the Moscow-Donbass railway. The position was very responsible, but Nikolai Nikolaevich coped with all the tasks. In 1939 he was expected to be promoted. He was appointed district inspector of the track service of the Kastornoye-Novoe station.
With the outbreak of war, work on the railroad became not only difficult, but also dangerous. In 1941, the road, which was controlled by the Singers, became a frontline road. It cost him enormous efforts to achieve trouble-free sections of the Starooskolskaya and Kastornskaya lines. He was responsible for these areas.
When the line was occupied, he showed courage and heroism. The singers held the defensive and left the site last, after the evacuation of all workers. He returned only with the leading troops. Nikolai Nikolaevich personally took part in the restoration of the Kastornoye knot. This section of the road was badly damaged. To establish a railway connection, all workers had to go out on the line and work for almost days. Reconstruction work was sometimes carried out under enemy fire. Singers tirelessly followed the line after its restoration. In 1943 he was transferred as a road assistant to Kashira.
The country's leadership highly appreciated the work of Pevtsov. By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of November 5, 1943, he was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor "for special services in providing transportation for the front and the national economy and outstanding achievements in restoring the railway economy in difficult wartime conditions."
Pevtsov also received awards:
- The order of Lenin;
- the hammer and sickle medal;
- "Honorary Railroad Worker" badge.
Until the end of the war, Pevtsov was responsible for traffic safety on the Moscow-Donbass road. In May 1945, he entered the Moscow Institute of Transport Engineers for engineering courses and successfully completed them.
Having received a new qualification, Singers was able to achieve a promotion. But in his memoirs, he admitted that he went to study not only because of the desire to get additional opportunities in his profession. He had already achieved a lot, but he felt that he lacked theoretical knowledge and education.
After completing the courses, he was appointed deputy head of the track service of the Moscow-Ryazan railway. In 1958, the Moscow and Kalinin lines were merged. Pevtsov was appointed head of the Moscow enlarged mechanized distance of the track and structures. He was responsible for the section of the road from Moscow to Kalinin and performed the work very conscientiously. In 1963, the position of the track and construction department of the Moscow branch of the Oktyabrskaya road was vacated. Pevtsov was appointed to her. In those years, reconstruction work began. They began to build new continuous welded tracks with reinforced concrete foundations, to prepare roads for high-speed express trains. Nikolai Nikolaevich took an active part in the reconstruction work. In 1966, a lot was done in this direction, but for health reasons the Singers was dismissed from their post.
In the last years of his life, Nikolai Nikolaevich spent with his relatives. He died on February 2, 1974.
Very little is known about Nikolai Nikolaevich's personal life. The singers were married. With his wife, they lived a long and happy life. His wife survived him for several years. Two children were born in the marriage, but they did not follow in the footsteps of their father, but chose other specialties for themselves. Relatives recalled Pevtsov as an unusually sincere, kind person. At the same time, at work, he was strict and sometimes even showed toughness. This character trait allowed him to achieve a lot in life and become a hero, deservedly receive all the awards.
Nikolai Nikolayevich was fond of sports, tried to keep himself in good physical shape. He read a lot, was fond of classical literature. The singers are buried at the Khimki cemetery in Moscow. The name of the hero is mentioned in a number of literary sources:
- Heroes of the Highways of Steel (2000);
- "Heroes of Labor of the War Years 1941-1945" (2001).
The authors of books about Pevtsov and other heroes of the war years tried to collect the most complete and accurate information about these people. The works were not written in vain. Thanks to them, contemporaries can read about the exploits of their ancestors.