The collapse of the USSR is one of the most important events of the 20th century. Until now, the meaning and reasons for the collapse of the Union cause heated discussions and various kinds of controversy both among political scientists and ordinary people.
Causes of the collapse of the USSR
Initially, the highest ranks of the world's largest state planned to preserve the Soviet Union. To do this, they had to take timely measures to reform it, but as a result, the collapse occurred. There are various versions that convey the possible causes in sufficient detail. For example, researchers believe that initially, when the state was created, it should have become completely and completely federal, but over time, the USSR turned into a unitary state and this gave rise to a series of problems of inter-republican and interethnic relations, which were not given due attention.
During the years of perestroika, the situation became quite tense and became extremely dangerous. In the meantime, conflicting views acquired all the greater proportions, economic difficulties became insurmountable, and it became completely clear that disintegration could not be avoided. It is also worth noting that in those days the Communist Party played an important role in the life of the state, which even in a sense was a more significant bearer of power than the state itself. It was the crisis that occurred in the Communist system of the state that became one of the reasons why the Soviet Union collapsed.
Date and aftermath of the collapse of the Soviet Union
The Soviet Union collapsed and ceased to exist at the end of December 1991. The consequences of the collapse took on an economic character, because it caused the collapse of a large number of established ties that were established between business entities, and also led to the minimum value of production and its reduction. At the same time, access to foreign markets ceased to have a guaranteed status. The territory of the collapsed state has also significantly decreased, and the problems associated with the underdeveloped infrastructure have become more tangible.
The collapse of the Soviet Union influenced not only economic relations and the state of the state, but also had political consequences. The political potential and influence of Russia significantly decreased, as well as an acute problem concerning the small strata of the population who at that time lived in the territory that did not belong to their national homelands. This is just a small part of the negative consequences that befell Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union.